Red, Blue, Green, orange vibrant and beautiful colours of the Betta fish is ornamenting the aquariums since many years. The Siamese fighting fish popularly known as the Betta fish is a vibrant coloured fish with beautiful and gorgeous fins. It is also known as “Plakad” in Thailand, which means “The Jewel of the Orient.”
The Betta Word
The word Betta came from the a primeval clan of warriors, called the “Bettah”. In middle of the 18th century, a competition named ’ The Fighting Fish’ became popular, in this competition the fishes were made to fight and the spectator based their stakes on them. The game became so popular in Thailand that the King had to impose taxes on this game. This was how the fish got its name as the ‘Fighting Fish’.
They were first discovered in Southeast Asia. The fish lived in a cruel environment which helped it to adapt in most devastating atmospheric condition. The fish was exposed to floods, droughts and devastating storms. It made its abode in rice paddies, floodplains and sewage ditches. But this worked as a blessing for the fish, it became immune to the diverse conditions of the environment helping it to bare the calamities. The adaption was a unique organ called the labyrinth which helped it to survive in diverse oxygen deficit conditions. The fish has a unique ability which any other fish does not have, it can breathe in oxygen directly from air. The gills have been adapted in such a way that they can take in oxygen from the environment without causing any damage to its respiratory system. This ability helps them to survive for a short time without water. The fish can extend its survival in oxygen scarce and stagnant conditions as well.
The fighter fish
As this fish is a fighting fish it does not like any kind of amenity, despite of gender. They feel safe swimming alone.
The diet of the fish includes worms, insects, and other small species. They can eat almost anything in their environment. But mainly they prefer having insects and larvae of mosquitoes.
The immune feature
The fish might be immune to various conditions but it is necessary to maintain their health as well. The fish requires some time adjust with the temperature and the pH of the water thus it is necessary that the cleaning of the tank in which they are kept is done properly. Removal of one-third of the water at one from the fish tank is the correct way to clean it, this gives them the required time to adjust and adapt themselves to the changing environment.
Temperature of the fish tanks must be checked timely. The fish prefers to live in a slightly acidic conditions with ph between 6.5 and 7. The cold water can stifle their immune system causing infirmity and illness. They generally prefer living in warm water.
The life expectancy of the fish is 2 -3 years which might increase if they are taken into proper care.
It is a fish with distinctive exquisiteness and adorable features. So, every time you see a Betta Fish in an aquarium just remember its u